5C’s of Finance: Business Loans

business loansWhen you go to a bank or financial lending institution there are 5 key things they will take into consideration before approving a loan. These “5 Cs” apply to both personal and business loans. Since the bank or lending institution are in business to make money, they take these 5 things very seriously and you will want to be prepared before applying for a business loan. The 5 C’s in no particular order are capital, collateral, conditions, character, and capacity. Here we will deal specifically how they apply to a business loan.

Capital is the money you personally have invested or will invest in the business. When applying for a business loan the prospective lender wants to see what kind of risk are you willing to make to see this business succeed. The more you personally have invested in the business the more likely you are to work your hardest to make sure the business is a success. If you are not willing or prepared to make a sizable financial investment in the company, more than likely the lender will not be willing to take a risk either. If your business is already operating you will be asked to provide personal and business records showing every detail of the business including tax records, accounts payable, and accounts receivable.

Collateral is personal and or business assets that you are willing to put up as security in the event the business cannot repay its loan. The bank wants to know there is a second source of repayment. Equipment, buildings, accounts receivable, and in some cases, inventory is considered possible sources of repayment of the business loan, anything the bank can sell for cash. Both business and personal assets can be sources of collateral for a business loan. Collateral should not be confused with a guarantee. A guarantee is when someone else signs a guarantee document promising to repay the loan if you can’t. Some lenders may require both collateral and a guarantee as security for a business loan.

Conditions refer to the purpose of the business loan. Will the money be used for working capital, additional equipment, or inventory? Other conditions the lender will consider are the economy and conditions not only within your business but also in businesses that could affect your business (your suppliers and or service companies included).

Character is the impression you make on the potential lender. The lender determines whether or not you can be trusted to repay the business loan if granted. Some of the things the lender might ask for are your educational background, your experience in business and in your industry. More than likely they will request references for you and the background and experience of your employees may also be considered.

Capacity to repay the business loan is the most important of the five factors. The prospective lender will want to know exactly how you intend to repay the loan. The lender will consider the cash flow from the business, the timing of the repayment, and the probability of successful repayment of the loan. Payment history on other credit relationships, personal and business, is considered an indicator of future payment performance. A business must be able to pay all its debts, not just its loan payments, as they come due. Applicants are generally required to provide a report on when their income will become cash and when their expenses must be paid. This report is usually in the form of a cash flow projection, broken down on a monthly basis, and covering the first annual period after the loan is received.

Before applying for a business loan keep the 5 Cs in mind and be prepared. Taking time to organize, have your plans in writing, and a positive attitude will take you great steps towards receiving the financial backing you are seeking for your business.

Carbon Finance Ltd

Article Source: Paul Allen http://www.articlealley.com/article_78751_19.html

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5 Responses

  1. Anonymous says:

    The 5C's are really important points that a borrower should keep in mind in getting a business or personal loan. Additional to the 5C's is Credibility that may also be under character. Credibility determines on how legible you are as businessman or as a borrower.

  2. Bad Credit Home Loans says:

    This is right they always consider these 5C’s before approve loan application.

  3. loans for blacklisted people says:

    By definition, the “5Cs” are referred to as the factors used by lenders to evaluate potential borrowers.  So, you may be thinking: “I’m not a lender, what does this mean to me?”  Well, if you are a business receiving financing or seeking financing it is helpful to know the key indicators your lender is considering.  In addition, you can apply these key principles to more than just your lending relationship, you can use them with your customers as well.

  4.  Article about the how banks look at loan applications. … At the early stage of the business,
    capital is a key requirement – so as well as basic banking needs some
    sort of debt financing may be needed such as working capital or asset finance.
    If the bank lends it will want to make sure it gets its money back: It
    has shareholders and depositors, it’s accountable to the community and
    it needs to make margin and profit. Typically before lending bankers go …

  5. Great post! I have learned a lot. Thanks

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