corned beefCorned beef is made from one of several less tender cuts of beef like the brisket, rump or round. Therefore, it requires long, moist cooking. It can be cooked on top of the stove or in the oven, microwave or slow cooker.

What is “corning”?
Corning is a form of curing; it has nothing to do with corn. The name comes from Anglo-Saxon times before refrigeration. In those days, the meat was dry-cured in coarse “corns” of salt. Pellets of salt, some the size of kernels of corn, were rubbed into the beef to keep it from spoiling and to preserve it.

Today brining—the use of salt water—has replaced the dry salt cure, but the name “corned beef” is still used, rather than “brined” or “pickled” beef. Commonly used spices that give corned beef its distinctive flavor are peppercorns and bay leaf.

Ingredients:
1 kg. beef (punta y pecho, tadyang, tapadera, kamto or paypay)
½ tablet ascorbic acid (500 mg.)
2 tbsp. salt
½ tsp. vetsin
1/4 tsp. prague powder
1 tsp. sugar

Equipments:
Knife
Chopping board
Basin
Measuring spoon
Pressure cooker (in the absence of a pressure cooker, a casserole may be used)
Measuring cup (liquid)
Colander
Fork

Procedure:

1. Wash meat thoroughly.
2. Cut the meat into 1 inch cubes.
3. Mix the salt, vetsin, prague powder and sugar.
4. Mix the curing ingredients with the cubed meat.
5. Place in covered container and cure in the refrigerator for 3-4 days.
6. Wash the meat, add water (1/3 of its volume) and cook for 20 minutes. Remove the foam-like formation on the broth.
7. Continue boiling until meat is soft and tender, for faster cooking use a pressure cooker and cook beef for 30 minutes at 10 lbs. pressure.
8. Drain and cool.
9. Flake with fork. (The flaked meat is ready for consumption).

For longer storage period, follow procedures 5, 10 to 15.

10. Pack meat into bottles/cans and add broth, leave 1/4 inch head space.
11. Exhaust bottles/cans by boiling it with covers slightly closed.
12. Seal thoroughly.
13. Process at 10 lbs. pressure for 10 minutes.
14. Air-cool cans should be cooled under running water while air-cool bottles at room temperature.
15. Label and store in a cool place.

Sources: ITDI (DOST), http://www.fsis.usda.gov/FactSheets/Corned_Beef/index.asp

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