Growing organic plants remains to be one of the toughest jobs put forth before the modern day cultivators. Basics of agriculture remain the same even after many years. People would always want best out of any cultivable land. The aim is well justified only when sufficient facilities are available for the farmers. Adequate knowledge on agricultural practices can produce the discovery of newer methods of cultivation.
People can also afford to gather ideas out of historical happenings to outcast the demand that is already present. One can be sure about seasoning of eggplant cultivation while following the morphological feature of solanaceae family species. Also it is advisable to adopt suitable ways to implement these ideas into practice. Eggplants can be fruitful if the cultivation is done under hygienic conditions. These eggplants can be cultivated at favorable conditions to gain profitable growth of plant.
Features of Eggplant
Eggplant is unique type of plant that can be grown in regions with warm climate. These warm ambient conditions make suitable ripening of fruits. It is grouped under tropical plants that can grown in height for more than 70 cm and it can have overall lateral growth of more than 55 cm. this kind of plant is typically suited for soil with good moisture retaining capacity. These can be planted in cold areas to gain changes in the physiological and morphological features enabling farmers to gain hybrid varieties with quality seeds. These plants are well suited for greenhouse plantation technique. These eggplants can fetch farmers with quality fruits that can suffice almost all dietary requirements of the person consuming it.
Preparation of Cultivable Greenhouse Site
The common plantation of eggplants can be carried out at warm regions under proper sunlight exposure. This can be easily supported with adequate amount of ripening period that lasts to maximum of about 45 days. The growth of fruit is largely dependent on the quality of eggplants seeds used for cultivation. Organic cultivation of eggplants can require greenhouse sites to be well commissioned to provide necessary organic matter that ensures complete growth of plant. The soil should be selected for maintain good level of nutrients to be kept intact for the nourishment of plants.
Greenhouse Eggplant Plantation
Greenhouse glass ensures proper channeling of heat through sunlight exposure. This can be utilized to make organic plants to be grown under hygienic conditions. The cold weather is preferred during initial growth of eggplants. But excessive exposure to moisture can lead to attack of several microbes that can cause diseases to the plants. One can have sufficient level of care to plant the seeds as nursery stocks. These can be planted on soil after sometime. These saplings can be planted with sufficient distance in between each plant. Some people ensure covering of plantation site with protective covers for protecting the plants from pests and insects. Farmers should provide adequate care during fruiting period. Attack of pests can be expected anytime during this season. Also special care has to be given for the irrigation of plants within greenhouse.
Common Threat to Eggplants
There are certain common diseases that can be caused by the insects and pests that attack the eggplants during their overall growth period. Aphids cause huge damage to the leaves and stem of the eggplants. The aphids worst affect the leaves. It eats up the sheath part of leaf leaving it to die in sometime. Whitefly can affect the shoot system of the plant making it difficult for the further growth of plant. The spread of eggplant can be limited considerably. Hence effective pest and insect control should be instituted within greenhouse in order to have useful growth of plants rendering good profit to the farmers.
source: How To’s Organic Matters & Lifestyles, www.trc.dost.gov.ph